Free Urban Planner: 5 Tips for Building Perkota an
As an urban planner, your mission is to guide the urban development of an existing or new community while taking public welfare and the environment into account. Your careful planning needs to take into account the aspects that make it a comfortable, healthy, efficient and fair place to live and work. At the same time, good urban planners will also take a sustainable, climate-sound and environmentally friendly approach that manages the environment, promotes longevity and reduces the risk of disasters. With urban development trends including big-box rebuilding, retail experience, cohabitation, and collaboration to name a few gaining momentum, a creative approach that considers broader aspects of design needs to be taken.
What Does an Urban Planner Do?
Let’s start over; becoming a city planner doesn’t happen overnight. Typically, urban and regional planners require bachelor’s and master’s degrees from an accredited university, along with lots of relevant experience in planning, public policy, or a related field such as environmental science.
This is because the role is assigned to large projects coupled with a lot of responsibility. City planners serve as advocates for society and must always pay attention to their best interests. However, it is becoming increasingly difficult to juggle land use, code enforcement, resources, economic development, and even transportation along with urban development. Some of the tasks a city planner may encounter on a regular basis include but are not limited to:
- Green space planning and community facilities
- Evaluate transportation trends and implement transportation plans according to community needs
- Ensure affordable housing
- Manage the number of single and multi-family homes in one area / ward
- Work to ensure that there are adequate sewer and water services for the community
- Works to maintain structures around the city
- Plan the construction and existence of a new building
With so much to plan for in so little time, we’ve rounded up some of the best tips planners should watch out for in order to keep their urban development from turning into an urban jungle.
Tip 1: Create an Urban Design for ‘Tomorrow’, Not Just One That Deserves ‘Today’
It doesn’t matter if you design a completely new community space from scratch or add additional neighborhoods to an existing city plan, often people can find themselves limited by what is currently possible. Planning, by definition, must focus on the goals and future aspirations of society. To stop yourself from falling into the habit of complacency, try asking if your design plan is for ‘yesterday, today, or tomorrow?’. Chances are, if you answer firmly about the first two options, you could miss out on the growing opportunities you could potentially plant. Try to think about today’s comfort level, and instead of advancing to the challenges of the future. What social, economic and environmental trends will shape the future,
Tip 2: Think Big Picture, not Time Frame
Here at SimScale, our second tip is to think big, not just any time soon. In general, most urban development plans are set within 20+ years to complete, and factor in variables such as population estimates along with projected per capita income. However, they were just that – projections. This leads to key decisions and planning around specific population levels which sometimes fail to take into account actual real-time growth and the nature of that growth in that community. Instead of creating urban designs to meet estimates and forecasts, switch to designs for sustainable urban environments.
Sustainable urban development continues to gain recognition as the preferred approach. The old and old concepts of this way of thinking would be narrowly defined as having an efficient production and utility function input offset by an equivalent consumption output. However, in this modern era, one must be able to understand a more holistic view by paying attention to socio-cultural, economic and environmental elements. Therefore, a new sustainable city development plan must be a process of synergistic integration and co-evolution among the peoples concerned (economic, social, physical and environmental), which ensures a level of welfare that does not decline, without compromise. possible development of the surrounding factions. Additional, Sustainable design must contribute to a larger mission of reducing the harmful effects of development in the biosphere. Pretty big picture, all things considered.
Tip 3: Consider the Economic, Social, and Physical Environment
In order to think about the ‘big picture’, three main environmental factors must be considered – economic, social and physical.
Urban Planning: Economic Considerations
Urban development should take into account major employers such as local governments, manufacturing companies, local businesses, and universities, while also considering tourism-based operations and attractions. Partnerships between companies and charitable and non-profit organizations should be encouraged. An urban planner should try, at the same time, to provide development opportunities to small-scale enterprises, while encouraging innovation and competition between companies, and maintaining creative and artistic industries that add cultural benefits to society. The first step towards this is analyzing and researching the current state of a particular environment, and then creating an actionable master plan to best best meet these idealistic targets.
Urban Planning: Social Considerations
With economic considerations in mind, social factors must be recognized. Most out-of-date urban environments can identify the unfair sharing of local resources as a major problem to be addressed. It is more common in less developed countries and cities than their western countries. One example is India, where cities like Mumbai statistically have more than fifty percent of the population living in slums with no available resources. Such unhealthy and imbalanced social factors can lead to large-scale disease and increased mortality in a population. Therefore,
Urban Planning: Physical Environmental Considerations
Last, but very important, the physical environment must be taken into account in modern urban planning. This includes location and proximity to resources, overall climate and seasonal climatic patterns, and even smaller details such as if a geographic area contains hard or soft water reservoirs that can, over time, have detrimental effects on irrigation and piping systems. Additionally, weather conditions from everything like snow, rain and wind to larger phenomena such as storms and tornadoes (and how their frequency and severity change over time) should be at the forefront of urban planners’ minds during building architecture design or renovation. process.
Tip 4: Plan Whatever the Weather
Following physical considerations, interest in climate-sensitive urban design is increasing as environmental concerns increase. When the environment changes, urban development must also change. One major but historically difficult element is assessing pedestrian comfort in urban settings. Microclimate factors, such as wind and rain, are very important and dynamic variables to be taken into account in the planning process, and must be evaluated as such. From planning city-wide rain channels and gutters to designing new buildings and structures, wind engineering or wind effect evaluation can provide a large and effective impact to accommodate ever-changing weather conditions. To perform an efficient wind analysis for an urban development project,
Tip 5: Plan For Walkers
Lastly, as an important but often overlooked tip, plan for a walker who will become the life and soul of the urban space you create. As previously mentioned, planning with wind engineering in mind can have a positive impact on your design in terms of weather-related wear planning, but it can also have the same effect for wind comfort. The level of pedestrian wind comfort can affect everything from civil safety to business accessibility, depending on the location.
Think of it this way: if the wind speed reaches 10 km / h, it is not comfortable reading a book or a newspaper. This is bad news for street shops that equate part of their income with window shopping walkers, or restaurants looking to offer outdoor seating. Wind not only affects the ground level environment but can also negatively impact the terraces and balconies of apartments / hotels, and even the construction of new buildings. The comfort of the pedestrian wind can therefore cause a business turnaround, which has a major impact on the economic climate.Evaluation of wind speed and urban wind comfort for building design planning using CFD from SimScale
A city planner should assess pedestrian comfort and wind levels in the planning stage to reduce these adverse risks and the end result. Fortunately, nowadays it is easier to test and evaluate urban designs with CFD software and create design iterations. With a platform like SimScale, you can even run multiple simulations online at once, to save resources and streamline the overall design process. In short, plan for walkers, but do your planning in a smarter and time-saving way with cloud-based simulations.
To read more about the comfort of the hiker’s wind, check out this latest blog post.
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